Speech & Language
- Communicates clearly with adults and peers.
- Understands what adults say.
- Talks about events and characters in stories.
- Communicates a simple train of thought with coherence.
- Speaks in grammatically correct sentences.
- Articulates clearly.
- Able to name three things from a common category, e.g. animals, food.
- Able to describe common objects, saying two things about them.
- Demonstrates competence in social communication.
Ideas for Supporting Speech and Language Development
- Be a good model – speak clearly and slowly and face your child when speaking. If your child says a word or sentence incorrectly, rather than correct them or ask them to repeat it, just say the word / sentence back to them correctly to show you have understood. Try and expand their vocabulary naturally and using their interests, so if they point to a cat you could respond with, “Yes, it is a cat! A big, stripy cat! Look at his beautiful long tail!”
- Observe and comment – when you are playing with your child, take a step back, do not feel that you have to fill the silences, just comment on the things your child is doing so they can hear (and learn) the new vocabulary e.g. “Oh, you are building a very tall tower, I wonder if it will reach all the way to the sky? Oh dear, it’s fallen over! Now you are trying again!”
- Turn off the TV and take out the dummy – children do not learn language and social skills by watching TV, and new evidence shows that too much TV watching prior to starting school can affect listening and attention skills, which will impact on their learning once they start school.
- Books, books, books! Children that have more exposure to books prior to schooling often find it develop early literacy skills earlier. Remember that you can borrow books form our ELCC Library in the cloakroom. Make time to sit down with your child – even if it is just for a few minutes a day (although the more one-to-one time the better), spend some quiet time with your child, away from distractions. Look at a book together and talk about the pictures.
- Sing songs and nursery rhymes – songs and rhymes contain rhythm and rhyme, skills that help with speech and literacy development. Our song and rhyme of the fortnight will help reinforce this.
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